名人識英文 – 表達堅決承諾

分享給朋友

14/09/2009

名人識英文 – 表達堅決承諾 湯家驊

中文在表達堅決承諾方面,多以言詞而不是以改變文法來表達,英文卻不同。正如早前提過的假設性對答,英文文法喜歡用一些表面上似是「錯誤」的不同個體動詞來表達堅決的意志或肯定的承諾。例如: 「I can lend you some money but will you repay me on Sunday?」答案可以是: 「Yes, I shall repay you on Sunday.」但亦可以是: 「Yes, I will repay you on Sunday.」

留意以上第二個答案在英文文法上,第一身的正確未來式動詞應該是「shall」,而非「will」,但在答案中, 「我」卻用了第三者的未來式動詞「will」來回應。這種不同於一般文法使用方法的用意是突顯發言者之堅定意志或承諾。同樣,這種特別文法使用法也適用於第三者。例如: 「Do you think he will be there?」答案是: 「I promise you, he shall be there.」在這對答中,回答者以第一身的未來式動詞來表達一個肯定的承諾,達到的效果與以上第一個例子相同。

相反地,如果沒有任何承諾,答案應該是跟隨正常文法用法: 「No, I shall not be able to repay you on Sunday but can I repay you on Monday?」但留意假如答案是一種負面的承諾,以上所談及的特別文法使用法則同樣適用,例如: 「Will you stay at home?」答案可以是: 「No, I won’t!」

英文文法喜歡用一些表面上似是「錯誤」的不同個體動詞來表達堅決意志或肯定的承諾,如:Yes,I will repay you on Sunday.

多媒體教室

網上收聽:english.mingpao.com/mp3_06.htm

作者網址:www.ronnytong.com

分享給朋友

  • The Civic Party respects your personal privacy and is committed to maintaining your trust and confidence. We believe in ensuring the security of your personal information. Please contact us if you have any questions or concerns. The purpose of collecting the information in this form is to complete the purchase concerned and allow the Civic Party to contact you in the future. We are the sole owner of any information we collect. Your personal information is not lent or sold to anyone for any purpose.

  • The Civic Party respects your personal privacy and is committed to maintaining your trust and confidence. We believe in ensuring the security of your personal information. Please take the time to read this policy, and contact us if you have any questions or concerns. We strive to protect any personal information you may provide us but by law we must allow inspection of the volunteer register. Your personal data will be put into our volunteer database and will be used only for the purposes of arranging volunteer service and communicating with you. We are the sole owner of any information we collect. Your personal information is not lent or sold to anyone for any purpose. You may contact us for enquiry, updating or ceasing the use of your personal information.

  • 公民黨絕對尊重閣下的個人私隱,並會將資料保密。我們會妥善保存閣下提交予我們的任何個人資料。如有任何疑問,請聯絡我們。閣下在此表格提供的資料,只用於處理是次購買以及日後與本黨之聯繫。閣下的資料絕對保密,只供本黨保存和參考,絕不會外借或出售,或透露予任何第三者。

  • 公民黨絕對尊重閣下的個人私隱,並會將資料保密。我們會妥善保存閣下提交予我們的任何個人資料。請細閱此私隱政策,如有任何疑問,請聯絡我們。我們藉此表格收集 閣下資料的目的,是處理 閣下的義工申請,閣下所提交的個人資料將儲存於本黨的義工資料庫內,並只會用於本黨安排義工服務及與閣下通訊的用途上。閣下的資料只供本黨保存和參考,絕不會外借或出售。如欲查詢、更改或要求停止使用你的個人資料,請與本黨聯絡。