咩叫得意

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15/01/2013

咩叫得意 毛孟靜

一直覺得「得意」兩個字好得意,尤其是話人「懶得意」時,那個意思到底為何,真係可以五花八門。得意,有得就有失,得意相對失意。「情場失意,職場得意」是A failure in love, a success incareer。用自在的英文講, 是He issuccessful in life but not in love.

這款得意等於successful, 像春風得意,即是我們口語的「掂」︰He is doing well. 「佢好掂。」

He has made it. 「佢得咗。」

但在粵語中,得意最常用的意思是代表可愛趣致︰那隻小狗好得意:That’s a cute puppy.

Cute, 英文口語亦常講cutesy 或cutesie。像批評一部電影”Cutesy story,cardboard characters and bad acting”,是說「故事得意,(但)角色似硬紙板兼演技差」。

Cutesies,變成眾數,是個名詞:Thebabies are all cutesies.

得意卻又同時可指某人古怪, odd、strange、unusual。

他這個人都幾「得意」:He is quite an odd person.

He is rather strange.

講得客氣一點,用語氣搭夠:He is “fairly unusual”. 他「有異尋常」。

「幾得意吖」亦往往是對一些人、事、物不知道該是讚抑或彈,猶豫之際吐出的敷衍話:你喜歡這設計嗎? Do you like thisdesign?

幾得意吖。It’s interesting. It is unusual.而「得意門生」,是a star student。她是他的得意門生︰ She is his star student。

還有好生得意、洋洋得意,都有很重的「自我感覺良好」之意, to gloat oversomething。

He keeps gloating over his own success.書面語叫人「別得意」,通常亦即廣東話的「咪得戚」。得戚, being cocky /smug。

Don’t be cocky.

Stop being so smug.

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